Utilizing TypeScript in Your Project: Advanced Types and Their Applications



12 Oct 2023




Utilizing TypeScript in Your Project: Advanced Types and Their Applications

In today's world, many people tend to associate the JavaScript language mainly with animations on websites. However, it's essential to realize that this versatile programming language is not only used in web browsers but also on the server side and in the development of web, mobile, and desktop applications. In this context, there is a tool that can significantly improve the quality of JavaScript code and make life easier for developers - TypeScript.

What Is TypeScript?

TypeScript, developed by Microsoft, is an extension of JavaScript that introduces many new capabilities. One of its main strengths is static variable typing. Why is this important? To understand this, we need to be aware that in "pure" JavaScript, the lack of variable typing can lead to potentially erroneous and hard-to-locate errors. For example, if you pass a string as an argument where a number is expected, it can lead to unexpected results. In JavaScript, such an error is not detected until the program is running. However, TypeScript, being a more rigorous tool, detects such errors during compilation.

Advanced Types in TypeScript

It's worth understanding that TypeScript offers much more than just static typing. Here are a few advanced type handling mechanisms that significantly facilitate the work of programmers:

Pick<Type, Keys> - This mechanism allows you to create a new type with selected fields. For example, imagine that you want to update only the title of a movie, selecting only the "title" and "id" fields, leaving the rest unchanged. The "Pick" mechanism allows you to do this, creating a new type that contains only the selected fields.

pick code example

Partial<Type> - Conversely, you may need to create objects in which all fields are optional. For example, when you don't want to provide all the properties of a movie, you can use "Partial" to create a type in which all fields are optional. This is useful when not all information is required.

partial code example

Omit<Type, Keys> - This mechanism works the opposite way of "Pick," meaning it removes selected fields. For instance, if you want to get rid of certain properties from your type, you can use "Omit" to create a new type without those properties.

omit code example

Required<Type> - In some cases, you may want certain fields to always be present. "Required," in contrast to "Partial," sets all fields as required. This allows you to ensure that specific properties are always in the object.

required code example

Readonly<Type> - If you want certain properties to be read-only, you can use "Readonly." This is useful to protect certain values from unwanted changes.

readonly code example


TypeScript is a tool that not only enhances the quality of JavaScript code but also helps in creating more reliable software. With static typing and advanced type handling mechanisms, developers can avoid many potential errors and build more robust applications.

Whether you're working on a web, mobile, or desktop project, TypeScript can prove to be a valuable tool that significantly simplifies work and helps maintain high-quality code. Mastering advanced type handling mechanisms is a crucial step towards creating more efficient and reliable software.